Prevent water pipes from freezing by following these three steps

Frozen pipes are a common problem in the winter here in Buffalo and Western New York. They are a pain to deal with, and—in the worst cases—can cause pipe bursts that lead to thousands of dollars in property damage. In this blog, we run through the top 4 ways to prevent water pipes from freezing.

Prevent water pipes from freezingWhat causes water pipes to freeze in the winter?

Your water pipes freeze during the coldest nights and days of the year when exposed to below-freezing temperatures for an hour or more. So, why is this a problem? First, using the water again will require professional pipe thawing services from Reimer. But, you’re also at risk of a pipe burst.

What is a pipe burst?

As it freezes, water expands into ice, physically taking up more space. For pipes filled with water, this means that freezing causes the ice to push up against the sides of the pipes. Sometimes, nothing happens. But, if the pipe can’t handle the strain, it will burst.

The damage is prominent at the point of freezing and the water source as the blockage experiences an increase in pressure. A burst pipe can flood your home and generally turn you entire life upside-down. It’s not a good situation to be in.

Our four best ways to prevent water pipes from freezing

Here are four ways you can prevent water pipes from freezing this winter:

1. “Hide” your water lines by insulating them

Ok, let’s start with the most-vulnerable targets: your outside water lines. If you want to prevent water pipes from freezing, this is where you need to start. 

These lines are too exposed to keep the water in them liquid without your help. What you need to do is insulate these pipes so that they have a blanket of warmth protecting them at all times.

If you need further tips and advice—or would like a professional plumber to come to your home and inspect your outdoor pipes—give the team here at Reimer a call.

2. Make absolutely sure you know where your shutoff valve is

This is a big one. We’re always surprised at the number of people who don’t know where the water shutoff valve is, especially renters. Most of the more catastrophic pipe bursts can be nipped in the bud by quickly and effectively shutting off the water in your home, limiting the damage caused by a frozen pipe.

You want to prevent water pipes from freezing in the winter, but you also want to be ready to deal with those that do, in the event that something goes wrong.

The last thing you want to being doing at 2:35 on a cold Buffalo morning in December is running around the outside of your house in the dark looking for a snow-buried shutoff valve. Locate it now in the fall so you know what to do in the case of an emergency.

3. Check the insulation in your attic and basement

We’ve already talked about outdoor pipes and plumbing that are exposed to elements. But, insufficiently insulated plumbing in your home’s attic and basement can also freeze up if not given an extra layer of protection.

Take a quick look through your basement and attic. Are there exposed pipes near outside walls or the ceiling? If so, it might not be a bad idea to wrap them in an insulating layer.

“But, these pipes are in my house!” Yes, but consider this: in the event of a furnace breakdown and the need for furnace repair, any extra insulation on those pipes can buy them critical hours as the rest of your home gets frosty. In other words, insulation can be the difference between waking up to a frozen pipes and, well, not.

4. Schedule a heating tune-up with the team at Reimer

One of the best ways to ensure that your indoor pipes don’t freeze this winter is to make sure that your home’s furnace is running right and not at risk of a breakdown. Furnace problems that happen while the family is sleeping are the most common cause of frozen pipes. 

You can’t prevent every problem, but you can greatly reduce your risk of a breakdown by scheduling a furnace tune-up with our team. Not only do furnace tune-ups help you avoid furnace issues throughout the winter, but they’ll also make your system more energy-efficient—saving you money, all winter long.

That’s a win-win.

For more plumbing tips, advice, and other services, call the team at Reimer!

At Reimer, we handle all your frozen pipe problems with our 24/7 emergency plumbing repair services. For service here in Buffalo and Western New York, give us a call at (716) 694-8524 or contact our team online.

Furnace heat exchanger: Here’s how they work and what can go wrong

During the coldest days and nights of the year, your home relies on a properly working furnace to keep your family warm and comfortable. In turn, your furnace relies on a properly working furnace heat exchanger. It’s arguably the most important part of your heating system, and any problems with it could not only lead to a breakdown, but could actually pose a safety risk to your entire family.

In this article, we’ll review the 5 most-prominent signs that something is wrong with your heat exchanger and your overall furnace. We’ll also explore just how a heat exchanger works and what can go wrong.

Reimer Home Services is Buffalo’s trusted name in heating repair services. If you suspect that your heat exchanger is damaged or that your furnace is on the verge of a breakdown, call our team for 24/7 emergency service here in Western New York. Our friendly, professional technicians are ready to help!

The heat from furnace combustion warms the heat exchanger, which separates the flue gases from the air in your home.

The heat from furnace combustion warms the heat exchanger, which separates the flue gases from the air in your home.

What is the furnace heat exchanger?

Every furnace contains a heat exchanger. It’s an essential part of the heating process. To create heat, your furnace combusts fuel—typically gas, but other varieties exist—in a sealed chamber. This combustion process generates heat energy from the fuel source. However, alone, this isn’t enough: the mixture of gas and combustion fumes (known as “flue gases“) isn’t safe to breathe. That’s where the exchanger comes in.

Essentially, the exchanger is a thin metal shield standing between the combustion chamber and the blower, which distributes heated air from the furnace through air ducts into the living spaces of your home. As the combustion chamber heats the exchanger, air is blown across its surface on the other side, rapidly heating the breathable air. This air is then sent through your home’s ductwork to the living spaces of your home.

To work properly and prevent flue gases from escaping, the heat exchanger needs to be completely sealed. This is often where things start to go wrong.

What can go wrong with a heat exchanger?

We tend to think of metal as being stable and unchanging, but heat actually has a big impact on metallic objects. As the heat exchanger rapidly heats up, the metal expands. When the furnace turns off, that heated metal cools and contracts back to the shape it held before at room temperature. However, after doing this for a decade or more, the metal starts to become fatigued. Eventually, it’s more prone to becoming brittle, which leads to cracking, snapping, and other failures.

When this happens, the heat exchanger is no longer forming an effective seal between the breathable air in your and the flue air. This is a big problem: flue air is not safe for humans or pets. It can even contain carbon monoxide—a colorless, odorless gas that has a well-earned reputation as a silent killer.

How does a cracked heat exchanger release carbon monoxide?

In most cases, the flue gases in your furnace will not contain carbon monoxide—it’s not a typical byproduct of gas combustion in the furnace. For carbon monoxide to leak from a cracked heat exchanger, two things need to be happening:

  • The heat exchanger is cracked or otherwise has an air leak.
  • There’s something wrong with how the system is combusting gas.

However, given the high-stake dangers associated with carbon monoxide inhalation, the general recommendation from the CDC is to deal with potential sources of this gas as soon as possible.

How can homeowners prevent heat exchanger problems?

Here are some ways homes with gas furnaces can help ensure that their heat exchanger is continuing to operate safely and effectively:

Schedule a professional heating tune-up

Have an expert HVAC technician inspect your furnace every fall to make sure the heat exchanger is still in good shape. Your technician will likely run a test using specialized equipment to see if there are any leaks in the exchanger. They’ll also visually inspect the unit to make sure there’s no obvious signs of damage or metal fatigue.

Know when you’re due for a replacement

A vast majority of heat exchangers last about 10-20 years. During the 15-20 year mark, homeowners should be considering whether or not they need to replace the part, and probably be talking with their HVAC technician during their annual tune-up about where things stand.

Opt for professional installation

It’s possible for a heat exchanger to become damaged during installation if the furnace is not installed right or carefully. This is just one of the reasons we recommend always leaving furnace installation to the professionals.

What are the signs of problems with the furnace heat exchanger?

Here are five signs that you need to call Reimer for furnace repair here in Buffalo:

#1. Your HVAC technician reports that there’s cracks or damage

 

As mentioned before, metal fatigue can lead to cracks in the heat exchanger, which in turn can cause a whole host of problems. These cracks aren’t always quite the size of the one in the Liberty Bell. These can be micro-fractures that are incredibly difficult to see, but still allow flue gas molecules to pass through the exchanger.

If your technician reports that your heat exchanger has cracked, the time for replacing it is now.

#2. There’s a change in flame color

A fully functional gas furnace should generate a steady blue flame. That’s because it’s being combusted in a closed environment. Technicians will take note of an erratic burn behavior in the furnace, since that could be a sign that external oxygen is getting into the system through the cracked exchanger.

#3. There’s soot buildup inside the heat exchanger

If the furnace has a soot buildup inside of it, then chances are that the heat exchanger is damaged. This is a sign that the burner is not burning properly and needs to be fixed. The cause can be anything from tilted burners to cracks in the heat exchange itself.

#4. There’s discoloration and buildup

If the heat exchanger develops cracks, the metal will get discolored with the soot that builds up on it. The cracks will allow that deposit through, making the heat exchanger appear “sooty,” as discussed in the section above. The site of the crack should have a buildup as well, or there might be spots that are darker than the rest of the metal.

#5. You detect carbon monoxide

As discussed earlier, carbon monoxide can be a byproduct of the combustion process in your furnace. It’s a colorless, odorless gas that can be fatal. This is why it’s important to address furnace heat exchanger problems before they turn into a major danger to your family and house.

Every home should have a functioning carbon monoxide detector. If you suspect there’s a leak, evacuate and then call the fire department.

If you haven't already, call Reimer to schedule a furnace heat exchanger inspection.

When Reimer checks your furnace, we’ll also look at the heat exchanger to make sure it’s in good condition.

Schedule a furnace inspection with Reimer

Here’s the connection between the first four items on the list above: these aren’t things you as the homeowner can spot just looking at the exterior of your furnace. You need to have a technician inspect your system on an annual basis. Or, if you’ve already had a carbon monoxide alarm go off, you need to have a technician out to inspect your system and address the problem.

Here are Reimer, we offer 24/7 emergency furnace repair in Buffalo and Western New York. Our technicians also perform fall safety and tune-up services. Contact us for service by calling (716) 694-8524 or contact us online.

Remember: dealing with your furnace heat exchanger sooner than later can both prevent a furnace breakdown and keep your family safe.