Reimer Plumbing Repair Van

Types of septic systems

In our previous blog post on septic tank systems, we spoke generally about how septic systems operate. However, there are many different types of septic systems in use today, each with their own pros and cons. In this new blog post, Reimer will provide an overview of several different types of septic systems.

Types of Septic Systems

A conventional septic tank.

Conventional systems

This is the classic septic tank system that most people have. As we noted in our prior blog post, most septic tanks take in waste and water from the home, and then separate the two out into liquid and solid components. The liquid is absorbed by the soil, while the sludge is eaten by anaerobic bacteria. A conventional septic tank will need to be professionally pumped every few years to remove whatever remains, as well as anything that the bacteria was unable to consume.

If you’re interested in learning more about septic tanks, we recommend watching this quick video.

Typically, conventional septic tanks have either:

  • A gravity-fed system, where gravity takes the water down past the sludge layer and into the gravel, and then into the drainage field.
  • A pressure system, where a pump pushes the water down past the sludge layer and into the drainage field.

Alternative systems

These types of septic tanks aren’t as common as the convention setup, but they’re perfect for some homes and situations. There are many of them, so let’s just review some of them:

  • Aerobic Treatment System: Conventional septic tanks rely on anaerobic bacteria to break down waste. As the root word suggests, this means that no oxygen is present in the system. In contrast, an Aerobic Treatment System pumps oxygen in, allowing aerobic bacteria to flourish. This means that the breakdown of waste happens faster and the resulting wastewater that gets sent into the drain field is cleaner. However, it requires an oxygen pump and careful maintenance to make sure that the bacteria is continuing to function.
  • Sand Filter System: Similar to a conventional septic tank, the sand filter system sends waste and water through a filter made of sand to make sure that the liquid that is discharged is free of any waste. Sand filter systems operate on a similar basis to many in-ground pool filters that use sand to filter out contaminants.
  • Ozone Disinfection System: These septic tanks use ozone to treat water. Ozone is a gas that, in high quantities, can kill bacteria and purify water. These systems are among the best at turning waste into relatively clean water that then can be discharged into the drainage field. However, a downside of ozone systems is that they’re more expensive to install and require electricity to generate the ozone needed in the system.

Other types of septic systems

In addition to these three types of septic systems, here are some others. Some of these are perfect for Buffalo homeowners, while a few others—such as evapotranspiration systems—are not a good fit because of our climate.

Which system is right for my home?

That depends. Some septic tank system setups work better than others on certain types of property. Some systems require a certain size of drainage field, while others require a certain topography of the land.

Reimer offers pumping, repairs, and installation for multiple types of septic tanks, and we’re your source for qualified, experienced plumbers and septic tank installation advice. Ready to get started? Give us a call at (716) 694-8524 or contact us.

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